PGF Report 2011-2014

This report is result of the monitoring of the projects supported by PGF – Project Generation Facility -an intervention of “Making the Most of EU Funds for Roma” (MtM), an initiative of OSI Budapest, which seeks to connect achievement of Roma inclusion objectives to EU development resources. The project begun with its implementation in 2011 by Macedonian Center for International Cooperation – MCIC and Association Initiative for Social Change – InSoC, and is currently in the application stage for the next Year 4 (2015). During these years of its implementation, PGF supported in total 132 project ideas, selected and prepared 106 project application of which in total 26 applications were approved with total budget of 1,719,067.00 €.

This subsections list and describe each of the projects supported by PGF that has been awarded until august 2014.

http://<a href=”http://www.prf.org.mk/files/PGF_Report_2011-2014.pdf”>

Analyses of the early parliamentary elections in Republic of Macedonia: The accountability and responsibility of political parties for their pre-electoral promises

The early parliamentary elections in the Republic of Macedonia has been triggered by the political crisis. The leader of the largest opposition party, Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM) Zoran Zaev in February 2015 started publishing wiretapped conversations from the last few years which apparently indicated the involvement of governmental officials and public servants in election fraud, corruption, abuse of power, and pressure on the media .
In several wiretapped conversations, it can be heard the inappropriate language used by the ministries’ officials regarding Roma. In addition, from the wiretapped conversation it can be heard how Roma are used for electoral fraud. Through official statements, the political Party for Emancipation of Roma (PCER) and several non-governmental organization publicly condemned the Government officials .
The process before the election itself was preceded by a dynamic period full of various events in political upheaval. However, the first step toward resolving the political crisis was taken on 2nd of June 2015, when the European Union, European Commission, and the US Embassy in Macedonia through mediation process initiated the four major political parties, VMRO DPMNE, SDSM, DUI, and DPA to sign the Przino Agreement . The second step was taken on 15th of July 2015, when the mediators came up with the Protocol on Przino Agreement regarding the return of SDSM in the parliament and the preparations for the early election that were foreseen to happen on 24th of April 2016. However, the political crisis continued, and the parliamentary elections were postponed twice, once on 24th of April 2016 and later to 5th of June 2016 and the election happened on 11 of December 2016.

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Reporting on the initial findings of the elections in 2016

After eight (8) cycles of elections since independence, conducting different electoral models including the majority, proportional and mixed model, it is interesting to note the fact that Roma have always had one or two political representatives in the Parliament. Apart from the members of Parliament, other Roma political parties intended to secure seats at the institutional level and the decision-making level. These results position the Roma community in Macedonia as advanced compared to other countries in the neighborhood and beyond. However, the ninth cycle of elections in 2016, Roma will have three candidates on the lists in experimental places to win mandates. This is the first time where three Roma candidates participated in parliamentary elections.
In addition, this cycle like previous other cycles, the competition is based on the two major Macedonian parties. SDSM and VMRO-DPMNE are again the key coalition partners to all the Roma parties. Although Roma have seven active political parties, none of the parties ever decided to participate independently in the parliamentary and local elections. Debating the outcome, whether Roma can win a mandate or not, they should also assess the opportunity to build coalitions after the elections based on their program or the interest of the electorate. Nevertheless, the most important on these elections were the maturity and political culture for three rules – Use your right to vote, Vote according to your own preference and do not sell your vote.
After eight (8) cycles of elections since independence, conducting different electoral models including the majority, proportional and mixed model, it is interesting to note the fact that Roma have always had one or two political representatives in the Parliament. Apart from the members of Parliament, other Roma political parties intended to secure seats at the institutional level and the decision-making level. These results position the Roma community in Macedonia as advanced compared to other countries in the neighborhood and beyond. However, the ninth cycle of elections in 2016, Roma will have three candidates on the lists in experimental places to win mandates. This is the first time where three Roma candidates participated in parliamentary elections.
In addition, this cycle like previous other cycles, the competition is based on the two major Macedonian parties. SDSM and VMRO-DPMNE are again the key coalition partners to all the Roma parties. Although Roma have seven active political parties, none of the parties ever decided to participate independently in the parliamentary and local elections. Debating the outcome, whether Roma can win a mandate or not, they should also assess the opportunity to build coalitions after the elections based on their program or the interest of the electorate. Nevertheless, the most important on these elections were the maturity and political culture for three rules – Use your right to vote, Vote according to your own preference and do not sell your vote.

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